Gold Wins, Bitcoin Loses

Gold Wins, Bitcoin Loses

Oh, Bitcoin. Your problem was never that you were too unpredictable. It was always that you weren’t unpredictable enough.

Bitcoin was never really going to cut it as a true currency. Its astronomical volatility — which is a problem if you want certainty about the value of your transactions or wealth — means that the likes of the Uzbekistani soum or the Ethiopian birr stand a better chance of supplanting the greenback.

Pegging It

The historical 30-day volatility of Bitcoin typically exceeds that of even currencies that have suffered devaluations

Source: Bloomberg

Still, Bitcoin’s disconnection from anything happening in the real world ought in theory to be its greatest virtue. The potential to provide negative beta — to move in the opposite direction of other assets in a portfolio, and thus take the edge off any swings and dips — has long been the best argument for investing in gold, Bitcoin’s shiny physical avatar.

The past 10 or so days have shown that there’s some life in the old yellow metal yet. While the S&P 500 Index fell 7.8 percent from its peak on Jan. 26 to its trough Monday, gold’s drop was a modest 0.7 percent, only bettered among major assets by the 0.4 percent fall in U.S. 10-year Treasuries. Bitcoin crashed 35 percent, making it look more like a short-volatility ETF than a worthwhile hedge against market turmoil.

Momentum Moment

Decline in U.S. dollar value of asset classes between Jan. 26 and Feb. 5

Source: Bloomberg

As Gadfly argued in December before gold’s 7 percent climb, a genuine crisis in financial markets is precisely the event to sort the sheep from the goats in terms of whether gold or Bitcoin is a better haven asset. After the past week’s test, it’s a metal that’s proved its mettle.

This column does not necessarily reflect the opinion of Bloomberg LP and its owners.

To contact the author of this story:
David Fickling in Sydney at

To contact the editor responsible for this story:
Katrina Nicholas at